What is Leukemia?



Leukemia is a blood disease. It appears as a result of malignant blasts which multiply due to the disruption of main (stem) cells within the bone marrow which is the principal production center of our blood. It is not hereditary nor is it contagious. It can appear at any age however, it is more common within the 1-5 age groups. Each year 6000 new youngsters are diagnosed with this disease. Unfortunately this number is increasing each day.

What are the causes?
Genetic predispositions and environmental factors are both to blame. Especially cancer causing factors within our diet which trigger chromosomal changes, in other words result in the disease of leukemia.

What are the symptoms?
Paleness, fatigue, lack of appetite, nose bleeds, bruises on the skin, enlarged lymph nodes or spleen and pain in the legs are some of the most common complaints.

Is there a treatment, does it last 3 years?
A complete remission rate in excess of 92% can be achieved through chemotherapy (medication treatment). The treatment lasts approximately 3 years. Bleeding, infections and unwanted side effects of the medications can occur during treatment. It may also necessitate a bone marrow transplant.

What is the treatment success rate?
The most common type of standard Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Children has a 100 % complete remission rate when treated in first-rate hospitals.

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