The European Parliament hosts Civil Society from Turkey
The work of the NGOs is the cornerstone of all social efforts and deserves our full support. Our exhibition brings together civil society organisations focusing on various fields with outstanding stories. Join us to meet these civil society actors from Turkey and get an insight to the work that they are doing. Christos Stylianides, Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid, will deliver the opening speech on January 8th at 17:30.

 

Visually Impaired

The definition of vision impairment says a visually impaired person’s eyesight cannot be corrected to a “normal level”.

It may be said that visual impairment is the functional limitation of the eye or eyes or the vision system. This leads to:

  • Loss of visual acuity and inability of the person to see objects as clearly as a healthy person
  • Loss of visual field meaning inability of an individual to see as wide an area as the average person without moving the eyes or turning the head.
  • Photophobia – inability to look at light
  • Diplopia – double vision
  • Visual distortion or distortion of images
  • Visual perceptual difficulties or difficulties of perception
  • Or any combination of the above features

Globally, it is estimated that approximately 1.3 billion people live with some form of vision impairment.

With regards to distance vision, 188.5 million people have mild vision impairment, 217 million have moderate to severe vision impairment, and 36 million people are blind. With regards to near vision, 826 million people live with a near vision impairment.

Globally, the leading causes of vision impairment are uncorrected refractive errors and cataracts.

Approximately 80% of all vision impairment globally is considered avoidable.

The majority of people with vision impairment are over the age of 50 years.

 

For a child to develop into a mature, informed, and literate adult he or she must have access to ideas, facts, theories, attitudes, and vicarious emotional experiences. While the written word perhaps has been neglected somewhat in recent years in favor of other media television, movies, video games, etc.-- an understanding of and the ability to use language still signifies and is part of mature intelligence. Therefore, blind persons--especially blind children--need access to reading material. To a blind person, library service is a critical--often the only--source of reading material. While a sighted person has not only his or her public library but the local book store, newsstands, the dentist's waiting room, and book clubs, to supply him or her with reading material, a blind person cannot expect to get recorded or Brailled literature from these sources.

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